# STARC Bands

Created by Manning Stoller, the Stoller Average Range Channel (STARC) Bands, are price ranges based on an SMA centerline and ATR band widths. See also Keltner Channels for an EMA centerline equivalent. [Discuss] ðŸ’¬

```
// usage
IEnumerable<StarcBandsResult> results =
quotes.GetStarcBands(smaPeriods, multiplier, atrPeriods);
```

## Parameters

`smaPeriods`

* int* - Number of lookback periods (

`S`

) for the center line moving average. Must be greater than 1 to calculate and is typically between 5 and 10.`multiplier`

* double* - ATR Multiplier. Must be greater than 0. Default is 2.

`atrPeriods`

* int* - Number of lookback periods (

`A`

) for the Average True Range. Must be greater than 1 to calculate and is typically the same value as `smaPeriods`

. Default is 10.### Historical quotes requirements

You must have at least `S`

or `A+100`

periods of `quotes`

, whichever is more, to cover the convergence periods. Since this uses a smoothing technique, we recommend you use at least `A+150`

data points prior to the intended usage date for better precision.

`quotes`

is a collection of generic `TQuote`

historical price quotes. It should have a consistent frequency (day, hour, minute, etc). See the Guide for more information.

## Response

```
IEnumerable<StarcBandsResult>
```

- This method returns a time series of all available indicator values for the
`quotes`

provided. - It always returns the same number of elements as there are in the historical quotes.
- It does not return a single incremental indicator value.
- The first
`N-1`

periods will have`null`

values since thereâ€™s not enough data to calculate, where`N`

is the greater of`S`

or`A`

.

âšž

Convergence warning: The first`A+150`

periods will have decreasing magnitude, convergence-related precision errors that can be as high as ~5% deviation in indicator values for earlier periods.

### StarcBandsResult

`Date`

* DateTime* - Date from evaluated

`TQuote`

`UpperBand`

* decimal* - Upper STARC band

`Centerline`

* decimal* - SMA of price

`LowerBand`

* decimal* - Lower STARC band

### Utilities

See Utilities and helpers for more information.

## Chaining

This indicator is not chain-enabled and must be generated from `quotes`

. It **cannot** be used for further processing by other chain-enabled indicators.